Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes people to have recurring seizures. The seizures happen when clusters of nerve cells, or neurons, in the brain send out the wrong signals. People may have strange sensations and emotions or behave strangely. They may have violent muscle spasms or lose consciousness.
Epilepsy has many possible causes, including illness, brain injury and abnormal brain development. In many cases, the cause is unknown.
Doctors use brain scans and other tests to diagnose epilepsy. It is important to start treatment right away. There is no cure for epilepsy, but medicines can control seizures for most people. When medicines are not working well, surgery or implanted devices such as vagus nerve stimulators may help. Special diets can help some children with epilepsy.
Source: NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Why choose Ohio State for treatment of epilepsy?
Comprehensive Center: The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center’s Comprehensive Epilepsy Center is designated a Level 4 epilepsy center, the highest rating given by the National Association of Epilepsy Centers (NAEC). This classification indicates our ability to provide all levels of care for epilepsy, including the most complicated surgeries to eliminate seizures.
Expertise: Our physicians are epileptologists, neurologists who focus solely on treating patients with epilepsy and who receive one to two extra years of medical training in epilepsy care. We also have a nurse practitioner certified in epilepsy care and a pharmacologist trained in epilepsy drug treatments.
Care of the Whole Person: We provide ongoing education to help you manage your disorder, and we address other health issues that often accompany epilepsy.
Epilepsy Monitoring Unit: To help us determine definitively if you have epilepsy, we have an eight-bed inpatient unit dedicated to the diagnosis of epilepsy. We assess patients during seizure events to discover the type of epilepsy you have and the area of the brain generating the seizures.
High-Risk Pregnancy Care: If you have epilepsy and become pregnant, we partner with our Maternal Fetal Medicine experts in our High-Risk Pregnancy Clinic to monitor you and your fetus. Our epilepsy experts are skilled in managing medications and dosages to control your disease while minimizing the effects of the medications on your baby.
Research: Ohio State initiates clinical trials and collaborates with other medical centers and pharmaceutical companies across the country to provide you access to the latest medications and treatments.
Learn more about brain and spine neurological conditions at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center.